A summary of different types of sharks

They are also a single family but with five species. For lots more information on sharks and related topics, check out the links below. This is a reminder of the common origin of these two vibration- and sound-detecting organs that are grouped together as the acoustico-lateralis system.

They can also sense objects in the water, allowing them to create a map of their immediate environment. Unlike other fish, shark gill slits are not covered, but lie in a row behind the head. A few exceptions exist, such as the bull sharkwhich has developed a way to change its kidney function to excrete large amounts of urea.

A small number of species have lost the ability to pump water through their gills and must swim without rest.

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Flickr User Telemachus There are three different ways that a baby shark can be born once a female shark has a fertilized egg, depending on the species.

But all good things must come to an end: Females in many of the larger species have bite marks that appear to be a result of a male grasping them to maintain position during mating.

Due to the speed and the strength of it very few of its prey have a chance of survival. Their legacy has been traced back at least million years which is quite amazing.

The Squantiformes normally have flat bodies that are ray-like with mottled dorsal surfaces. Female sand tiger sharks often mate with several different males, producing a litter of shark pups from a number of fathers. This prevents the eggs from being swept away. There, sensitive cells allow sharks to hear low-frequency sounds and to pick up on possible prey swimming and splashing in their range.

List of sharks

This is not the type of shark you would like to have grace you presence. Most live 20 to 30 years. Blue sharks Prionace glaucafor example, spend their nights near the ocean's surface top feet or metersbut will dive down to depths of feet meters —and occasionally deeper to feet meters —and back to the surface throughout the day.

They lie in wait for their prey of small fish and squid, and then surprise them with a sharp and deadly bite. The teeth of plankton-feeders such as the basking shark are small and non-functional. The 8 orders are named the Squantiformes, Pristiophormes, Squaliformes, Hexanchiformes, Carcharhiniformes, Lamniformes, Orectolobiformes, and the Heterodotiformes.

Shark species vary in length from a few inches to 45 feet. However, most sharks live about 25 to 30 years. The Ginsu is one of the better-known ancient sharks because paleontologists found a nearly complete fossilized spine for the species, along with very impressive teeth.

Other sharks feed on squid or fish, which they swallow whole. This allows more efficient locomotion among these negatively buoyant cartilaginous fish.

Between 75 and shark attacks are reported each year, but less than 20 result in human death. Cookiecutter teeth are enormous compared to the animal's size. Blue sharks can grow up to 12 feet long so this is no small shark to be trying to get away from.

Sight Eye of a Bigeyed sixgill shark Hexanchus nakamurai Shark eyes are similar to the eyes of other vertebratesincluding similar lensescorneas and retinasthough their eyesight is well adapted to the marine environment with the help of a tissue called tapetum lucidum.

A recent study found that in the Pacific islands, shark density is only percent what it would be if no people lived in the area. Lateral line This system is found in most fish, including sharks.

Sand tiger sharks store air in their stomachs, using it as a form of swim bladder. As they found new environments though they had to evolve to be able to survive there.

Speedy Swimmers Extreme close-up of great white shark skin denticles. They have more cylindrical bodies. But sharks are in trouble around the world. Blue Sharks All sharks swim very fast, but the blue shark is one of the fastest species.

The angel sharks Squatiniformes look rather like skates, with flat bodies that they bury beneath the sand on the seafloor. Combined, these traits make them slow to replenish their populations when they are fished or otherwise killed at such fast rates.

The orders have distinguishing characteristics that fit in each. Palau became the first country to implement a shark sanctuary inbanning all shark fishing in itssquare miles of territorial water. The females then retain the developing eggs in the last extended section of the fallopian tube which is thus termed the womb or uterus.

Most sharks bear live young (viviparity), others lay eggs. Several shark species mate the entire year, others prefer certain seasons and regions. The females of some shark species bear young each year, others stop reproducing at irregular intervals which can last several years.

Types of Sharks

Scientists think that the most dramatic evolution of sharks took place during the Cretaceous period. During this time there was an abundance of food, sharks grow, and different species appeared.

Sharks appeared on Earth more than million years ago. As food sources were abundant everywhere, sharks no longer had to stay in one place.

Sharks come in many different types of body shapes. Generally, sharks have a streamlined, torpedo-shaped body that can easily glide through the water.

Although, some bottom-dwelling sharks--angel sharks-- have flattened bodies that allow them to hide in the sand of the ocean bed. TYPES OF SHARKS. To wrap it up, let's look at some of the types of sharks we've been discussing. Blacktip Sharks are different than Blacktip Reef Sharks (this confused me for quite some time)!

Babies: The mother shark has two uterus. Many sharks begin in the uterus, but the strongest one in each uterus eats all the others before they. Frilled sharks, a long skinny shark that looks like an eel, are among the oldest living species of sharks.

Read More Tags: Taxonomy,Frilled Sharks. Blacktip Sharks are different than Blacktip Reef Sharks (this confused me for quite some time)! They are usually about 5 feet long although the longest on record was about 9 feet long.

during breeding season every February and March, around 10, congregate along the Florida coastline.

A summary of different types of sharks
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