Although nitric acid production had declined to about 17 percent of the peak, explosives production was about 45 percent of the figure.
European nationals and colonial troops of both sides fought against each other, but the German colonies were widely separated and unable to support each other. The attack on the German aircraft industry -- primarily on airframe plants -- was opened in the summer of It often proved impossible, however, to destroy more than a small percentage of the defending Japanese soldiers in preliminary softening up operations of even the greatest intensity.
Under the new philosophy, the League was a government of governments, with the role of settling disputes between individual nations in an open and legalist forum. The Japanese constructed a chain of air fields between Guadalcanal and Rabaul, and attempted to raid our ships and installations.
It became necessary to fill shells with a Page 10 mixture of explosives and non-explosive rock salt extender. For lack of fuel, pilot training, previously cut down, was further curtailed.
The Japanese were dug in, in tunnels, trenches and caves which were hard to find and often impossible to destroy, either by bombing or by naval shelling.
This led, originally, to somewhat greater emphasis on the selection of targets such as aircraft factories, arsenals, electronics plants, oil refineries, and finished military goods, destruction of which could be expected to weaken the capabilities of the Japanese armed forces to resist at the Kyushu beachheads in Novemberthan on the disruption of the more basic elements of Japan's social, economic, and political fabric.
This coal traffic, formerly water borne, was moving by railroads employing the Kanmon tunnels and the Hakkodate-Aomori rail ferry. Such bases as were within reach were hammered by shore-based air.
They lacked, however, the widespread technical and industrial skill to match the United States in quantity production of reliable planes with increased range, performance and durability. Much of the equipment which had originally been scheduled for movement into the southern islands was found to be unnecessary and was left behind in order to achieve greater speed.
Oil refining had declined to less than 15 percent of the output. Fifty percent of the planes were destroyed on the ground.
In isolating areas of combat from ship-borne reinforcements land-based aircraft also sank large numbers of barges and vessels smaller than tons gross weight, not included in the tabulation prepared by the Survey.
Except for delaying actions they had been forced to concentrate solely on defense against invasion. This meant shortages of skills, ingenuity and ability to improvise later on, when the economy was under the stresses and strains of large-scale warfare. What gains the Italians made in the war were wiped out by a rout that began at Caporeto in October and unhinged the entire line.
The bombing of the launching sites being prepared for the V weapons delayed the use of V-l appreciably. Page 1 UNITED STATES STRATEGIC BOMBING SURVEY SUMMARY REPORT.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was designed around surprise, the range of carrier task. This volume considers the military, economic, and political significance of Africa during World War II. The essays feature new research and innovative approaches to the historiography of Africa and bring to the fore issues of race, gender, and labor during the war, topics that.
50 Things You Should Know About the Second World War [Simon Adams] on elleandrblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. 50 Things You Should Know About the Second World War is the second instalment and follows the successful title on the First World War.
Discover what caused the war and why it eventually affected every corner of the globe.
As for the economic effects of World War 2, it did have some positives, but they were by no means a match for the havoc this war created. Causes of World War II. Summary and Aftereffects of the Siege of Leningrad. World War 2 Facts for Kids. Bombing of. In this lesson, we explore the Crimean War of between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, France, and Great Britain.
It is often considered one of the more bungled military campaigns in. World War II, also called Second World War, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years – The principal belligerents were the Axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan—and the Allies—France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser.A summary of the world war ii causes and effects